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  1. Agenesis of the corpus callosum is associated with many human developmental syndromes. Key mechanisms regulating callosal formation include the guidance of axons arising from pioneering neurons in the cingulat...

    Authors: Michael Piper, Randal X Moldrich, Charlotta Lindwall, Erica Little, Guy Barry, Sharon Mason, Nana Sunn, Nyoman Dana Kurniawan, Richard M Gronostajski and Linda J Richards
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:43
  2. Gamma motor neurons (γ-MNs) selectively innervate muscle spindle intrafusal fibers and regulate their sensitivity to stretch. They constitute a distinct subpopulation that differs in morphology, physiology and...

    Authors: Neil A Shneider, Meghan N Brown, Courtney A Smith, James Pickel and Francisco J Alvarez
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:42
  3. The Wnt signaling pathway regulates several fundamental developmental processes and recently has been shown to be involved in different aspects of synaptic differentiation and plasticity. Some Wnt signaling compo...

    Authors: Lorena Varela-Nallar, Catalina P Grabowski, Iván E Alfaro, Alejandra R Alvarez and Nibaldo C Inestrosa
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:41
  4. Glutamatergic neurons of the murine cerebral cortex are generated within periventricular proliferative layers of the embryonic pallium, directly from apical precursors or indirectly via their basal progenies. ...

    Authors: Nicola Antonio Maiorano and Antonello Mallamaci
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:40
  5. During the development of the central nervous system (CNS) of Drosophila, neuronal stem cells, the neuroblasts (NBs), first generate a set of highly diverse neurons, the primary neurons that mature to control lar...

    Authors: Baohua Zhou, Darren W Williams, Janet Altman, Lynn M Riddiford and James W Truman
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:39
  6. While many molecules involved in axon guidance have been identified, the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which these molecules regulate growth cone morphology during axon outgrowth remain to be elucidated...

    Authors: Adam D Norris, Jamie O Dyer and Erik A Lundquist
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:38
  7. For the establishment of functional neural circuits that support a wide range of animal behaviors, initial circuits formed in early development have to be reorganized. One way to achieve this is local remodeli...

    Authors: Kohei Shimono, Azusa Fujimoto, Taiichi Tsuyama, Misato Yamamoto-Kochi, Motohiko Sato, Yukako Hattori, Kaoru Sugimura, Tadao Usui, Ken-ichi Kimura and Tadashi Uemura
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:37
  8. Wnt signalling regulates multiple aspects of brain development in vertebrate embryos. A large number of Wnts are expressed in the embryonic forebrain; however, it is poorly understood which specific Wnt performs ...

    Authors: Robyn Quinlan, Manuela Graf, Ivor Mason, Andrew Lumsden and Clemens Kiecker
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:35
  9. Cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) act as co-receptors for multiple families of growth factors that regulate animal cell proliferation, differentiation and patterning. Elimination of heparan su...

    Authors: Yi-Huei Linda Jen, Michele Musacchio and Arthur D Lander
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:33
  10. The paired homeobox protein Pax6 is essential for proliferation and pluripotency of retinal progenitors. However, temporal changes in Pax6 protein expression associated with the generation of various retinal n...

    Authors: Yi-Wen Hsieh and Xian-Jie Yang
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:32
  11. The Drosophila embryonic central nervous system (CNS) develops from two sets of progenitor cells, neuroblasts and ventral midline progenitors, which behave differently in many respects. Neuroblasts derive from th...

    Authors: Karin Lüer and Gerhard M Technau
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:30
  12. Homer proteins are post-synaptic density proteins with known functions in receptor trafficking and calcium homeostasis. While they are key mediators of synaptic plasticity, they are also known to function in a...

    Authors: Robert Gasperini, Derek Choi-Lundberg, Michael JW Thompson, Camilla B Mitchell and Lisa Foa
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:29
  13. Capricious is a Drosophila adhesion molecule that regulates specific targeting of a subset of motor neurons to their muscle target. We set out to identify whether one of its vertebrate homologues, Lrrn2, might pl...

    Authors: Laura C Andreae, Andrew Lumsden and Jonathan D Gilthorpe
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:27
  14. Dendrites differ from axons in patterns of growth and development, as well as in morphology. Given that microtubules are key structural elements in cells, we assessed patterns of microtubule stability and poly...

    Authors: Katherine M Kollins, Robert L Bell, Matthew Butts and Ginger S Withers
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:26
  15. Regulated secretion of specialized neuropeptides in the vertebrate neuroendocrine system is critical for ensuring physiological homeostasis. Expression of these cell-specific peptide markers in the differentia...

    Authors: Deborah M Kurrasch, Linda M Nevin, Jinny S Wong, Herwig Baier and Holly A Ingraham
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:22
  16. Lim-HD proteins control crucial aspects of neuronal differentiation, including subtype identity and axonal guidance. The Lim-HD proteins Lhx2/9 and Lhx1/5 are expressed in the dorsal spinal interneuron populat...

    Authors: Oshri Avraham, Yoav Hadas, Lilach Vald, Sophie Zisman, Adi Schejter, Axel Visel and Avihu Klar
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:21
  17. In addition to its well-known expression in dorsal telencephalic progenitor cells, where it regulates cell proliferation and identity, the transcription factor Pax6 is expressed in some ventral telencephalic c...

    Authors: T Ian Simpson, Thomas Pratt, John O Mason and David J Price
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:19
  18. Semaphorins are known to play an important role in axon guidance and growth by triggering dynamic rearrangements of the actin cytoskeleton in the neuronal growth cone. Intriguingly, some of these guidance mole...

    Authors: Timothy P O'Connor, Katie Cockburn, Wenyan Wang, Lucia Tapia, Erin Currie and Shernaz X Bamji
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:18
  19. The cell adhesion molecule pair neuroligin1 (Nlg1) and β-neurexin (β-NRX) is a powerful inducer of postsynaptic differentiation of glutamatergic synapses in vitro. Because Nlg1 induces accumulation of two essenti...

    Authors: Stephanie L Barrow, John RL Constable, Eliana Clark, Faten El-Sabeawy, A Kimberley McAllister and Philip Washbourne
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:17
  20. Approximately 10% of Caenorhabditis elegans nervous system synapses are electrical, that is, gap junctions composed of innexins. The locomotory nervous system consists of several pairs of interneurons and three m...

    Authors: Todd A Starich, Ji Xu, I Martha Skerrett, Bruce J Nicholson and Jocelyn E Shaw
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:16
  21. The neurons in the vertebrate retina arise from multipotent retinal progenitor cells (RPCs). It is not clear, however, which progenitors are multipotent or why they are multipotent.

    Authors: Marta Vitorino, Patricia R Jusuf, Daniel Maurus, Yukiko Kimura, Shin-ichi Higashijima and William A Harris
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:14
  22. Cell adhesion molecules of the immunoglobulin superfamily (IgCAMs) form one of the largest and most diverse families of adhesion molecules and receptors in the nervous system. Many members of this family media...

    Authors: Valentin Schwarz, Jie Pan, Susanne Voltmer-Irsch and Harald Hutter
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:13
  23. Studies in mouse, Xenopus and chicken have shown that Otx2 and Gbx2 expression domains are fundamental for positioning the midbrain-hindbrain boundary (MHB) organizer. Of the two zebrafish gbx genes, gbx1 is a li...

    Authors: Muriel Rhinn, Klaus Lun, Reiner Ahrendt, Michaela Geffarth and Michael Brand
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:12
  24. The homeodomain transcription factors Engrailed-1 and Engrailed-2 are required for the survival of mesencephalic dopaminergic (mesDA) neurons in a cell-autonomous and gene-dose-dependent manner. Homozygote mutant...

    Authors: Kambiz N Alavian, Paola Sgadò, Lavinia Alberi, Srinivasa Subramaniam and Horst H Simon
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:11
  25. As the Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium (NPRC) ends its first year, it is worth looking back to see how the experiment has worked.

    Authors: Clifford B Saper and John HR Maunsell
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:10
  26. The production of new neurons during adulthood and their subsequent integration into a mature central nervous system have been shown to occur in all vertebrate species examined to date. However, the situation ...

    Authors: Jakob W von Trotha, Boris Egger and Andrea H Brand
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:9
  27. Translation in axons is required for growth cone chemotropic responses to many guidance cues. Although locally synthesized proteins are beginning to be identified, how specific mRNAs are selected for translati...

    Authors: Andrew C Lin, Chin Lik Tan, Chien-Ling Lin, Laure Strochlic, Yi-Shuian Huang, Joel D Richter and Christine E Holt
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:8
  28. Wnt proteins play roles in many biological processes, including axon guidance and cell migration. In the mammalian hindbrain, facial branchiomotor (FBM) neurons undergo a striking rostral to caudal migration, ...

    Authors: ValȲrie Vivancos, Ping Chen, Nathalie Spassky, Dong Qian, Alain Dabdoub, Matthew Kelley, Michȳle Studer and Sarah Guthrie
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:7
  29. The Hox family of homeodomain transcription factors comprises pivotal regulators of cell specification and identity during animal development. However, despite their well-defined roles in the establishment of ...

    Authors: David Chambers, Leigh Jane Wilson, Fabienne Alfonsi, Ewan Hunter, Uma Saxena, Eric Blanc and Andrew Lumsden
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:6
  30. The homeobox gene Gsx2 (formerly Gsh2) is known to regulate patterning in the lateral ganglionic eminence (LGE) of the embryonic telencephalon. In its absence, the closely related gene Gsx1 (previously known as G...

    Authors: Bei Wang, Ronald R Waclaw, Zegary J Allen II, Francois Guillemot and Kenneth Campbell
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:5
  31. Fibroblast growth factors (Fgfs) are important regulators of cerebral cortex development. Fgf2, Fgf8 and Fgf17 promote growth and specification of rostromedial (frontoparietal) cortical areas. Recently, the fu...

    Authors: Rachel E Thomson, Peter C Kind, Nicholas A Graham, Michelle L Etherson, John Kennedy, Ana C Fernandes, Catia S Marques, Robert F Hevner and Tomoko Iwata
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:4
  32. Adenomatous polyposis coli (Apc) is a large multifunctional protein known to be important for Wnt/β-catenin signalling, cytoskeletal dynamics, and cell polarity. In the developing cerebral cortex, Apc is expresse...

    Authors: Uladzislau Ivaniutsin, Yijing Chen, John O Mason, David J Price and Thomas Pratt
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:3
  33. The differentiation of neural progenitors into distinct classes within the central nervous system occurs over an extended period during which cells become progressively restricted in their fates. In the develo...

    Authors: Dritan Agalliu and Ira Schieren
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:2
  34. In Xenopus retinogenesis, p27Xic1, a Xenopus cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor, functions as a cell fate determinant in both gliogenesis and neurogenesis in a context dependent manner. This activity is essential ...

    Authors: Toshiaki Mochizuki, Aikaterini Bilitou, Caroline T Waters, Kamran Hussain, Massimo Zollo and Shin-ichi Ohnuma
    Citation: Neural Development 2009 4:1
  35. Neuronal connections are often arranged in layers, which are divided into sublaminae harboring synapses with similar response properties. It is still debated how fine-grained synaptic layering is established d...

    Authors: Linda M Nevin, Michael R Taylor and Herwig Baier
    Citation: Neural Development 2008 3:36
  36. Neurogenic placodes are focal thickenings of the embryonic ectoderm that form in the vertebrate head. It is within these structures that the precursors of the majority of the sensory neurons of the cranial gan...

    Authors: Claire A Canning, Lily Lee, Sarah Xinwei Luo, Anthony Graham and C Michael Jones
    Citation: Neural Development 2008 3:35
  37. The trajectory of corticospinal tract (CST) axons from cortex to spinal cord involves a succession of choice points, each of which is controlled by multiple guidance molecules. To assess the involvement of tra...

    Authors: Annette E Rünker, Graham E Little, Fumikazu Suto, Hajime Fujisawa and Kevin J Mitchell
    Citation: Neural Development 2008 3:34
  38. Encoding of olfactory information in insects occurs in the antennal lobe where the olfactory receptor neurons interact with projection neurons and local interneurons in a complex sensory processing circuitry. ...

    Authors: Abhijit Das, Sonia Sen, Robert Lichtneckert, Ryuichi Okada, Kei Ito, Veronica Rodrigues and Heinrich Reichert
    Citation: Neural Development 2008 3:33
  39. Radial glia comprise a molecularly defined neural progenitor population but their role in neurogenesis has remained contested due to the lack of a single universally accepted genetic tool for tracing their pro...

    Authors: Todd E Anthony and Nathaniel Heintz
    Citation: Neural Development 2008 3:30
  40. Robo1, Robo2 and Rig-1 (Robo3), members of the Robo protein family, are candidate receptors for the chemorepellents Slit and are known to play a crucial role in commissural axon guidance in the spinal cord. Ho...

    Authors: Atsushi Tamada, Tatsuro Kumada, Yan Zhu, Tomoko Matsumoto, Yumiko Hatanaka, Keiko Muguruma, Zhe Chen, Yasuto Tanabe, Makio Torigoe, Kenta Yamauchi, Hiroshi Oyama, Kazuhiko Nishida and Fujio Murakami
    Citation: Neural Development 2008 3:29


Chris Doe
University of Oregon, USA
Julia Kaltschmidt
Stanford University, USA
Beth Stevens
Harvard University, USA


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